Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all oral and dental problems in children. The dentist for children is the specialist who is also in charge of treating newborns and infants.
It should be noted the difference that exists between the techniques, knowledge, and methods that the pediatric dentist should have because the teeth and mouth of children are in a constant process of development and formation.
In the case of baby teeth, they come in between 6 and 24 months of age, starting with the lower incisors. As children grow, these baby teeth gradually begin to be replaced by what will be permanent teeth, until they are 12 or 13 years old.
When to see a pediatric dentist
There are several oral and dental damages and diseases that can occur in childhood, and therefore it is necessary to visit a pediatric dentist as soon as possible. Among these, we have the following:
- Caries: it is damage that occurs frequently, and dental cavities appear in children. In fact, there is a type of caries called baby bottle tooth decay, the pediatric dentist specialist will be in charge of treating the appearance of this and even better of its prevention.
- Trauma: children because of their age, often fall and hit constantly due to their games, they can break a tooth or even falls out having a loss of the same. So it will be necessary to make dental reimplants or repair them.
- Congenital alterations: these are those types of disturbances that can damage the child’s teeth, such as deformities, sizes, among others.
- Temporary tooth ankylosis: this is a trauma caused by necrosis of the soft tissue inside the tooth, which produces a dark color and interrupts the eruption of new teeth.
Benefits of pediatric dentistry
Among the main benefits, is the fact of being able to maintain constant control over the patient’s oral health, because, after each attendance or consultation, it will be possible to verify and detect any anomaly, disease, or cavities and to solve them as soon as possible.
It will also help the child motivating him/her in the correct care of his/her teeth, allowing him/her to create a conscience of responsibility about his/her oral hygiene so that he/she can keep his/her teeth strong, clean and healthy.
Who is pediatric dentistry for?
Pediatric dentistry is intended for children with dental problems. When parents or guardians fail to observe something relevant in their children’s teeth, it is recommended that they visit a pediatric dentist at 4 years of age.
The child’s brushing will be evaluated, and a visual inspection will be made to detect any possible damage or defects. If the child is already 6 years old or is about to turn 6 years old, the growth of the teeth and the next ones that are about to come in will be evaluated.
Depending on how the child’s teeth are, a schedule will be made of how often the child should visit the specialist, time that may vary, as it may be between one or three times a year, this will also depend on how the patient is developing.
This specialist is also in charge of attending to those patients who have other types of risks or needs, whether physical, sensory, or mental. This specialist is specialized in psychological techniques, which help to calm or reassure the child if necessary if an uncomfortable and unexpected situation occurs or presents itself.
There are several special needs that children may have, such as children with autism, ADHD, diabetes, oncological problems, and coagulation problems. These patients are the most likely to suffer problems due to poor positioning of teeth, gingivitis, halitosis, bruxism, trauma, among others.